- African Regional Intellectual Property Organisation (ARIPO)
- Organisation Africaine De La Propriété Intellectuelle (OAPI)
- Burkina Faso
- Cape Verde
- Central African Republic
- Congo, Republic of the
- Democratic Republic Of The Congo
- Equatorial Guinea
- Gambia, The
- Ivory Coast (Côte D’ivoire)
- São Tomé And Principe (St Thomas And Prince’s Islands)
- Sierra Leone
- South Africa
- St Helena
- South Sudan
- Tanzania (Comprised Of Tanganyika, Zanzibar And Pemba)
- Tanzania/ Tanganyika
The Arab Republic of Egypt, traditionally known as Egypt, is located in north-eastern Africa. It is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, by Israel and the Red Sea to the east, by Sudan to the south and Libya to the west.
Area: 1 001 450 km2
Currency: Egyptian Pound
GDP: $235.4 billion (2015)
Internet domain: .eg
Languages: Arabic (official language), French, English
Working week: Sunday – Thursday
Exports: natural gas, and non-petroleum products such as ready-made clothes, cotton textiles, medical and petrochemical products, citrus fruits, rice and dried onion, and more recently cement, steel, and ceramics
Imports: mineral and chemical products (25 percent of total imports), agricultural products, livestock and foodstuff (24 percent, mainly wheat, maize and meat), machinery and electrical equipment (15 percent) and base metals (13 percent).
Egypt is a member of the Paris Convention, the Madrid Agreement and Protocol, and the WTO/TRIPS.
Provision is made for the registration of trade marks for goods and services and for collective marks and certification marks. There is no specific provision for defensive marks.
Trade mark applications may be filed as national applications, in appropriate circumstances claiming priority in terms of the Paris Convention; or Egypt may be designated in international applications in terms of the Madrid Agreement or Protocol.
Egypt is a member of the Paris Convention, the PCT and the WTO/TRIPS. The deadline for entering the PCT national phase in Egypt is 30 months from the earliest priority date.
Patent protection may be obtained by way of a national filing, claiming priority in appropriate circumstances, or by way of an international application under PCT designating Egypt.
Egypt is a member of the Paris Convention and the Hague Agreement and the WTO/TRIPS. Design protection is obtainable via a national filing; since Egypt is a member of the Paris Convention, priority can be claimed.
Egypt is also a signatory to the Hague Agreement which allows for international registration of industrial designs. Egypt became a signatory to the Hague Agreement in 1952, but it is not clear if Egypt’s national laws recognise international registrations designating Egypt, as this issue has not been tested by the courts.
Plant Breeders' Rights
Egypt is not a member of the UPOV Convention for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants.
Plant Breeders’ Rights can be obtained in Egypt. The effect of the protection is that the plant breeder’s right holder has an exclusive right to commercial exploitation of the protected variety in any form whatsoever. No production, propagation, circulation, sale, marketing, importing, or exporting of propagating material is allowed without the written consent of the plant breeder’s right holder.