ooap Organisation Africaine De La Propriété Intellectuelle adams and adams

Nigeria is an independent republic on the west coast of Africa, on the Gulf of Guinea. It is bordered by Benin to the west, Niger to the north, Cameroon to the east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the south.


Area: 923 768 km2

Population: 185,989,640

Capital: Abuja

Currency: Naira

GDP:$ 484.895 billion (2016)

Internet domain: .ng

Languages: English (official language)

Working week: Monday – Friday

Exports: Petroleum and petroleum products; cocoa; rubber

Imports: Machinery; chemicals; transport equipment; manufactured goods; food and live animals

  • Trade Marks

    There have been other consolidated Acts drafted since the 1967 Act, in 1990 and in 2004, but no subsequent draft Act has been published and the 1967 Act, therefore, remains in force.

    Nigeria is a member of the Paris Convention and the WTO/TRIPS.

    The Act provides for the protection of trade marks in respect of goods, as well as for certification marks. The registration of a trade mark gives to the proprietor the exclusive right to the use of the mark in respect of the relevant goods. Although not initially protected, the protection was extended (in 2007) to cover all services in addition to goods.

    Provision is made for registration in Part A of the register if the mark contains or consists of a distinctive feature and is inherently adapted to distinguish or has become adapted to distinguish through use. To be registrable in Part B of the register, the mark must be capable of becoming distinctive.

  • Patents

    Nigeria is a member of the Paris Convention, the PCT, the Patent Law Treaty, and the WTO/TRIPS.

    Patent protection is available via a national filing. Although it is a member of PCT, Nigeria has not amended its laws to implement the PCT. Accordingly, it is not certain whether valid patent protection can be obtained via a PCT national phase application in Nigeria. However, in practice PCT national phase applications are being accepted and processed through to grant by the Nigerian Patent Office.

    Foreign applicants must be represented by a local agent.

  • Designs

    Nigeria is a member of the Paris Convention and the WTO/TRIPS.

    The registration of a novel design gives to the owner the right to preclude all others from using the design in order to derive a commercial benefit. Design protection is available by way of a national filing.

  • Copyright

    Nigeria is a member of the Berne Convention, the Rome Convention, and the WTO/TRIPS.

    The Act provides for the following works to be eligible for copyright protection:

    • literary works
    • musical works
    • artistic works
    • cinematograph films
    • sound recordings

    Literary works are further defined to include:

    • novels, stories, poetic works
    • plays, stage directions, film scenarios, broadcasting scripts
    • choreographic works
    • computer programs
    • textbooks, treatises, essays, articles
    • encyclopaedias, dictionaries, directories
    • letters, reports, memoranda
    • lectures, addresses and sermons
    • law reports, excluding decisions of courts
    • written tables and compilations of data.

    Artistic works are further defined to include:

    • paintings, drawings, etchings, lithographs, woodcuts, engravings, prints
    • maps, plans, diagrams
    • works of sculpture
    • photographs
    • works of architecture
    • works of artistic craftsmanship.

  • Plant Breeders' Rights

    Currently, no legislative provision for plant breeders’ rights or other sui generis protection for plants is available in Nigeria.