Zanzibar is part of an archipelago consisting of two main Islands: Zanzibar (also referred to as Unguja) and Pemba, and about 51 other surrounding small islets. Zanzibar is a partner state, with Tanganyika, in the United Republic of Tanzania. The name Zanzibar is derived from the name Zenj Bar (Black Land) given to the island by Arab mariners; Zanzibar attracted people from as far as the Orient and Iberia, Assyria and India. Pemba is the second largest island of the archipelago, initially named Al-khudra (Green Island) by the Arab mariners.
Capital: Zanzibar Town
Currency: Tanzanian Shilling
GDP: $ 860 million[/vc_column_text]